Border Supplemental Floated as Democrats Fracture on Immigration

  • Democrats weigh options for votes on Title 42 border policy
  • Homeland Security hasn’t yet requested additional funding

Bloomberg Government subscribers get the stories like this first. Act now and gain unlimited access to everything you need to know. Learn more.

Senate Democrats are weighing a push for supplemental border security funding, a move that could alleviate concerns within the caucus and defuse a potentially divisive vote attached to a Covid-19 aid package.

Democrats are divided on plans to end Title 42, which has allowed US officials to quickly expel migrants at the border since 2020. Republicans and several Democrats want to force a vote on an amendment to keep Title 42 in place while Covid-19 public health emergencies are still in effect.

An alternative amendment, such as the prospective border supplemental, could give moderate Democrats a chance to show they’re committed to border security without tying the administration’s hands on Title 42, which it wants to end later this month. Sen. Gary Peters (D-Mich.) said a border supplemental is one of a variety of options on the table.

“We’re looking at other ways to make sure that we’re working to secure our borders,” he said. “Our caucus is interested in making sure the American people know we are about secure borders.”

Photo: Nicolo Filippo Rosso/Bloomberg via Getty Images
A section of the US-Mexico border fence in Yuma, Ariz., on May 3, 2022.

An early Covid-19 package was blocked due to concerns about allowing a vote on Title 42.

Biden Border Move Sows Congress Divide as Democrats Splinter

Department of Homeland Security Secretary Alejandro Mayorkas told lawmakers last month his department was trying to move money around to address needs at the border but would request supplemental funding if needed. The department is prepared for as many as 18,000 migrants each day when the policy ends.

Court Action Looms

Peters said a federal court is likely to issue a ruling this week that could keep the border policy in place for the foreseeable future, potentially tamping down pressure for lawmakers to take action. The US District Court for the Western District of Louisiana heard oral arguments last week on GOP state leaders’ bid for a preliminary injunction.

Several Senate Republicans have been clear that Covid-19 aid can’t advance without a vote on the border policy. Sen. Roy Blunt (R-Mo.) said lawmakers have talked about how to move the aid package “but not discussions that can go forward without solving the other problem” of Title 42.

At least one leading Democratic critic of the Biden administration’s plans said he’ll still push for a Title 42 vote even if the court issues an injunction that keeps Title 42 in place.

“The court decision doesn’t say there should be a plan for lifting Title 42,” Sen. Mark Kelly (D-Ariz.) said Tuesday, referencing his concerns that DHS isn’t sufficiently prepared for an increase in migrant arrivals when the policy ends. Kelly is a cosponsor of a bipartisan Title 42 bill (S. 4036) that backers have pledged to attach to a Covid-19 aid package.

Sen. Jon Ossoff (D-Ga.), who has also criticized the administration’s plans, said he expects to take a vote on Title 42 regardless of what the court does.

With assistance from Jack Fitzpatrick

To contact the reporter on this story: Ellen M. Gilmer in Washington at

To contact the editors responsible for this story: Sarah Babbage at; Loren Duggan at

Stay informed with more news like this – from the largest team of reporters on Capitol Hill – subscribe to Bloomberg Government today. Learn more.