Sen. Raphael Warnock (D) defeated challenger Herschel Walker (R) during the 2022 Georgia run-off race, giving Democrats a 51-49 majority in the Senate.
Previously, Congress’s upper chamber was a 50-50 split. But Democrats flipped the GOP-held seat in Pennsylvania and won deciding races in Arizona and Nevada. The House, however, flipped to Republican control by a narrow margin.
What is the outlook for the 2024 elections?
Senate Democrats gained a seat in the 2022 midterms, but will be defending more seats in 2024 than Republicans. Of the 34 Senate elections currently scheduled for 2024, Democrats and allied Independents are the defending party in 23 contests, while the Republicans are defending just 11 seats.
Democrats Joe Manchin of West Virginia, Jon Tester of Montana, and Sherrod Brown of Ohio are all up for re-election in states President Joe Biden lost in 2020. Trump won all 10 states where Republicans are defending Senate seats, all but two of them by double-digit percentage-point margins.
Nebraska will have two races in 2024, including a special election triggered by the resignation of Ben Sasse (R).
Map data is up to date as of Jan. 20, 2023. Bloomberg Government subscribers can access the latest information here.
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How many Senate seats were up for election in 2022?
35 seats were up for grabs, including 12 Democratic-held seats and 23 Republican-held seats. 28 senators ran for re-election, and seven senators retired, including:
AL – Richard Shelby (R)
MO – Roy Blunt (R)
NC – Richard Burr (R)
OH – Rob Portman (R)
PA – Pat Toomey (R)
VT – Patrick Leahy (D)
What was the outlook for the 2022 midterm elections?
Midterm elections typically hurt the president’s party. In 15 of the last 20 elections, the president’s party lost ground in the Senate. Although precedent favored Republicans, each party came into the midterm season with several advantages, according to Bloomberg Government analysts.
What were the races to watch in the 2022 Senate elections?
New Hampshire – leaned Democrat: After a narrow win in 2016, Sen. Maggie Hassan (D) successfully held onto her seat this midterm election.
Nevada – leaned Democrat: Adam Laxalt (R) lost the 2018 governor’s race by four points. He challenged incumbent Sen. Catherine Cortez Masto (D), whom he succeeded as attorney general in 2015. Masto was re-elected this year.
Wisconsin – leaned Republican: Sen. Ron Johnson (R) sought a third term in a state decided by less than a point in the last two presidential elections. By 3.6 points, Johnson defeated Mandela Barnes (D).
Arizona – swung Democrat: Retired astronaut Sen. Mark Kelly (D) sought re-election after winning a 2020 special election to fill the rest of the late Sen. John McCain’s term. Kelly was re-elected this year.
Georgia – swung Democrat: Sen. Raphael Warnock (D) won his second runoff race against former football star Herschel Walker (R).
Pennsylvania – swung Democrat: A tight race was held between Lt. Gov. John Fetterman (D) and Mehmet Oz (R). By a razor thin margin, the state swung blue.
Florida – leaned Republican: Although the state went red in 2020, Rep. Val Demings (D) posted sizable fundraising numbers. Despite fundraising efforts, Republican incumbent Sen. Marco Rubio was re-elected.
North Carolina – leaned Republican: Rep. Ted Budd, a Trump-endorsed Republican, faced Cheri Beasley (D) to replace retired Sen. Richard Burr. Though the race was tight, Budd won.
Ohio – leaned Republican: J.D. Vance, another Trump-endorsed Republican, and Rep. Tim Ryan (D) competed for retired Sen. Rob Portman’s (R) seat. Despite a close race, Vance won.
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What were the policy areas impacting the Senate midterm elections?
1. Inflation and consumer prices
Criticizing President Biden’s $2 trillion COVID relief stimulus package, Republicans campaigned on curbing government spending to offset high inflation rates and consumer prices. Although Democrats pointed to falling fuel prices and the passing of the Inflation Reduction Act, supply chain disruptions have continued to increase costs of goods and services, such as groceries, rent, and travel expenses. Despite economic volatility, Democrats held onto their Senate majority.
2. Violent crime, immigration, and gun control
GOP ads highlighted high violent crime rates and immigration issues, which historically have driven Republicans to voting booths. However, while on the campaign trial, Democrats gave voice to tragic mass shootings that have skyrocketed in recent years across the country and highlighted the recent bipartisan gun legislation as an example of what they can accomplish within the realm of public safety.
3. Supreme Court overturning of Roe v. Wade
After the Supreme Court overturned Roe v. Wade in June, concerns over same-sex marriage and contraceptive rights arose, sparking national discussions surrounding privacy rights and the 14th Amendment. Democratic candidates believed these themes would motivate voters during midterms. Abortion rights played a large role in the election results – which is partially why the “red tide” never materialized and Democrats maintained control of the Senate.